5 Ways to Provide Culturally Competent Care for LGBTQ+ Clients

As a therapist in private practice, you'll already have a firm understanding of the importance of providing culturally competent care. Your affirmative support is a critical element for clients in the queer community to feel accepted and make progress in the therapy room, just as a potentially non-affirming experience holds the power to thwart growth and cause feelings of isolation.

As Pride month comes to a close, we're taking the opportunity highlight five ways you can provide culturally-competent care for members of the LGBTQ+ community – whether they're your own clients or the community at large. Providing culturally competent care is an ongoing process, and one that continues to evolve with the times; at the end of the day, this effort is well worth it for the chance to stand as an ally and celebrate and recognize diversity among the LGBTQ+ community.

1. Spend time intentionally reflecting upon your own sexual, romantic, and gender identity

The first step to providing culturally-competent care to the LGBTQ+ community is something of a nuanced one. It’s critical to start by doing a bit of “soul searching” about your own gender and/or sexual identity.

Think of it this way. Due to social norms and constraints, individuals from queer and trans communities are typically compelled to examine their gender and sexual/romantic identities far more often than people who identify as straight and cisgender.

And this discrepancy in self-reflection can be a primary barrier to understanding, and clinical competence with LGBTQ+ clients. After all, much as race, economic status, ability, and other aspects of the clinician’s identity are present and influential in the therapeutic relationship, so, too, are the provider’s gender and sexual/romantic identities.  

So as clinicians – particularly those who identify as straight and/or cisgender – we can minimize the inclination to “other” queer and trans clients, and develop a foundation for empathy and inclusivity, simply by spending intentional time observing our identities as worthy of questioning.

2. Spend time reviewing fundamental gender and sexuality concepts

Cultural competency is rooted in knowledge. When working with clients from the LGBTQ+ population, make sure you’re not only up to date on fundamental concepts related to gender and sexuality, but you’re also fluent in them. The following are key points to get you started:

Sexual identity

Describes who we are sexually attracted to based on others’ and our own gender identities.

Romantic identity

Describes who we are romantically attracted to based on others’ and our own gender identities.

Sexual fluidity

The understanding that sexual identity, attraction and behavior can change within individuals over time and across situations.


Biological designation as male, female, or intersex based on genitalia, chromosomes, hormones, and other primary sex characteristics. Typically assigned at birth.

Gender identity

An individual’s internal sense of themselves, often defined in relation to maleness and femaleness, but in reality can be any combination of these dimensions, something in between, or something else entirely.

Gender expression

Ways in which we display our gender identity, through demeanor, clothing, hair, or other aspects of behavior. For example, a client might identify as a cisgender man, wear clothing bought from the “women’s section” at a store, and paint his nails.

Gender binary  

The widely held assumption that gender is dichotomous, i.e., includes only male and female.

Trans-inclusive feminism

A gender justice movement that includes and honors the lives and experiences of trans and non-binary individuals.

You may wish to further research these topics, and possibly discuss with colleagues where appropriate.

3. Continue to expand your gender and sexual identity vocabulary

Above, we discussed gender and sexuality concepts; but that is only part of the story. Diversity in gender and sexual/romantic identity is another.

Some identities your clients might have include:


Often used as an umbrella term to describe having any sexual identity other than heterosexual.


Attraction to people across the gender spectrum.


Lack of sexual attraction or interest toward others; can still have romantic attraction.


Lack of romantic attraction or interest toward others; can still have sexual attraction.

Trans*, Genderqueer, Gender nonconforming

Often used as umbrella terms to describe a gender identity that does not adhere to the gender binary or assigned sex at birth.


Lack of identification with gender.

As with any research you conduct as a provider, it's crucial to remember that behind these labels are people – full of complexity and humanity.

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4. Put yourself in your clients’ shoes so you can spot opportunities to make them feel welcome

Think of the series of steps involved in starting therapy: Searching for a provider online or through other referral sources; making the first call; completing intake paperwork; showing up to an office where vulnerability and disclosure are encouraged.

Each of these steps involves verbal and nonverbal communication to the client that can either promote, or minimize, our clients’ experience of belonging.

As clinicians, we can influence this verbal and nonverbal communication so that clients feel recognized and valued before we even meet them in person.

Here are three ways to communicate respect throughout the therapeutic process:

a) Update your intake forms to reflect inclusive language  

In intake forms, consider including some of the following information (this is not an exhaustive list). Make these questions voluntary. And when determining which questions to include, ask yourself, "Is this information about my client relevant to our therapeutic work?"

You can ask for the client’s legal name, which may be needed for insurance, billing, or other purposes. However, this could be listed after the client’s affirmed name, which conveys the importance of the client’s chosen name for the therapeutic relationship.

b) Enhance your office’s decor, and/or update its facilities

It can be helpful for clients’ identities and needs to be reflected in the physical space of therapy.

Ask yourself, what small but impactful changes can you make to your office to make it more inclusive? For example, if your office has a bathroom, is it accessible to all genders, or is it designated by the gender binary?

c) Proactively share your own pronouns

Proactively sharing your pronouns is a powerful tool for cisgender allies to foster safety by normalizing accurate pronoun usage, without assumptions. Consider adding your pronouns to your online profiles (you can add yours to your Zencare profile, as pictured), email signature, social media, Zoom login, business cards, and – if you're returning to in-person events – any name-tags you write.

Doing so is a sign of mutual respect for both clients and colleagues, setting the tone for an inclusive environment.

Related: One Therapist’s Outlook & Advice for Disclosing Queer Identity in Therapy

Related: Benefit, Downsides, & Honest Advice for Self-Disclosing Queer Identity as a Therapist

5. Seek out additional training and resources, both online and in-person

There are many, many people and organizations working to educate the public about gender and sexual diversity! Take advantage of these resources, and share them with your colleagues.

Below is a short list of resources to get you started:

You can also do research for organizations in your area, or ask colleagues for recommendations.

Your office is a haven for clientele, including members of the LGBTQ+ community. By taking these small but impactful steps, you can convey the message – without having to explicitly, verbally state it! – that all aspects of their identity are not only accepted, but also respected and warmly welcomed.


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